Category: Public Health

Dietary Sodium and Health: More Than Just Blood Pressure

Sodium is essential for cellular homeostasis and physiological function. Excess dietary sodium has been linked to elevations in blood pressure (BP). The mechanisms underlying sodium-induced increases in BP are not completely understood but may involve alterations in renal function, fluid volume, fluid-regulatory hormones, the vasculature, cardiac function, and the autonomic nervous system. Recent pre-clinical and […]

Health Literacy: The Impact on Health Care Institutions, Providers, and Consumers/Patients

This presentation will provide an overview of the growing recognition of health literacy as a key factor in consumer/patient empowerment for their own health, health information knowledge, and adherence to health care recommendations resulting in poorer health outcomes and major increases in healthcare costs. Evidence and recommendations for healthcare system changes, patient health provider/patient communication, […]

The People’s Report: Opportunity and Activism in the Streets of Wilmington, Delaware

Involvement in crime can be thought of as a type of coping and adaptation resulting from experiences with extreme economic poverty. In the Eastside and Southbridge neighborhoods of Wilmington, Delaware, street identified Black men and women were employed as community research-activists to involve local residents in exploring this relationship. Dr. Payne is an Associate Professor […]

Global Surgery 2030: Evidence and Solutions for Achieving Health, Welfare and Economic Development

Remarkable gains have been made in global health in the past 25 years, but progress has not been uniform. Mortality and morbidity from common conditions needing surgery have grown in the world’s poorest regions, both in real terms and relative to other health gains. At the same time, development of safe, essential, life-saving surgical and […]

Community Coalitions and Collaborations to Improve Health Outcomes: The Example of Childhood Asthma

There is a lack of understanding about how to achieve effective community engagement and contributions to translational research. This area is becoming increasingly recognized by national funding agencies as a critical need for developing effective and broad-reaching programs that lead to improvement in health outcomes. This talk is appropriate for anyone interested in community engagement, […]

Collaborations in Global Health: The Global Network for Women’s & Children’s Health Research

The collaborative research team of J N Medical College in India and Christiana Care Health System, Delaware, USA are part of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Global Network for Women’s and Children’s Health Research (GN). Over the past 5 years, the Belgaum site in India has implemented a population based […]

Fighting the Old Man’s Friend: Improving Outcomes for Patients with Pneumonia

Community-acquired pneumonia remains one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Recent advances in diagnostics, therapeutics and preventive strategies may significantly improve outcomes from this illness. This presentation will explore recent advances in care for patients with pneumonia and strategies for implementing them. Dr. Metlay is Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School […]

Diagnosis and Management of Influenza in the Acute Care Setting

With poor rapid tests, and non-specific symptoms, rapid diagnosis of influenza continues to challenge providers. However, expeditious recognition and treatment of influenza is critical as more and more studies show the benefits of early treatment in high risk populations. Andrea Dugas is an Assistant Professor and Attending Physician in the Department of Emergency Medicine at […]

The State of Immunization: Understanding Law, Policy, and Resistance

Although the introduction of vaccines has been an enormous public health boon to many diseases, including the major childhood diseases, the possible eradication of these diseases has been compromised by the increasing number of parents and guardians who choose not to vaccinate their children. These decisions are enabled by legislation in most states that was […]