Social Determinants of Health, From Assessment to Action:: A Review of 3 Studies from the Value Institute at ChristianaCare

Harrison C, Brooks M, Goldstein JN

Dela J Public Health 2020 Jul;6(2):72-78

PMID: 34467115

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 crisis highlights the importance of screening for and managing adverse social determinants of health (SDoH). Many of the same SDoH items that put individuals at increased risk of COVID-19 infection have increased dramatically due to the economic repercussions of slowing the viral spread.

METHODS: This is a review of 3 studies conducted by the Health Services Research Core in the Value Institute at ChristianaCare. The studies had 3 overarching goals: 1) to conduct a survey of primary care providers in Delaware to determine their current methods for collection of social determinants data, 2) to validate a 2-item screening tool for food insecurity, and 3) to assess the geographic distribution of patients with food insecurity.

RESULTS: Our studies have demonstrated the importance of screening for SDoH by highlighting the inconsistent data collection of SDoH items, examining the prevalence of food insecurity and validating a standardized instrument for rapid data collection, as well as displaying geospatial differences in food insecurity prevalence across New Castle County, DE.

PUBLIC HEALTH IMPLICATIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic has increased the prevalence of these social determinants in our communities. Therefore, it is imperative to employ screening and geospatial strategies to address the SDoH implications of the novel coronavirus.

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